1974年家庭教育权利和隐私法案

The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA – 20 USC § 1232G; 34 CFR Part 99) is a federal law that protects the privacy of student education records. 该法律适用于所有接受美国教育部相关项目资助的学校.

FERPA 就子女的教育记录给予父母/法定监护人一定的权利. 当学生年满18岁或进入高等教育机构时,这些权利转让给学生. 权利转让予之学生为“合资格学生”. (Plymouth State University defines “attends a postsecondary institution” as the first day of classes of the student’s start term; applicants who do not become students have no FERPA rights).

教育档案、学校官员与合法教育利益的界定

Educational records are defined as records, files, 包含与学生直接相关信息的文件和其他材料. 教育记录不包括教职员工的个人档案, law enforcement records, or parent’s financial records. Nothing in FERPA prohibits a University official from sharing information that is based on that official’s personal knowledge or observation and that is not based on information contained in an educational record.

A “school official包括任何受雇于大学履行大学使命的人, such as, but not limited to, faculty, administrators, staff, counselors and health and safety personnel; people or companies contracted with the University such as, but not limited to, an attorney, auditor, consultant or collection agent; or a student serving on an official committee or assisting another school official in performing his/her official tasks.

A school official generally has a “legitimate educational interest” if that official needs to review an educational record in order to fulfill his or her professional responsibilities as described in his/her job description.  This means that education records that are needed for the school official to perform their duties as assigned by the university will be released without direct student permission*.

根据1974年的《BG大游官网首页》作为学生记录的保管人, amended in 1998, the university assumes the trust and obligation to ensure the full protection of student records which includes maintaining the confidentiality of educational records.  The university has developed policy guidelines for access to educational records with respect to the rights of eligible students and parents of dependent eligible students. 该大学保存的教育记录被认为是机密的, 目录信息和无须征得同意的信息除外.

University personnel who have educational records in a personally identifiable form must comply with the administrative procedures outlined in this section.

学生可以向注册主任或教务长提出有关FERPA和规则的问题.

为了确保学生有及时的学术建议,PSU协议允许多个顾问. 这意味着,学生们可能不仅会得到正式分配给他们的教师或工作人员的建议, 但也被他们的项目(专业)的其他教员, minor, certificate), 或学生成功中心的工作人员. PSU还为某些课程提供不同水平的教学. As a result, 注册这些课程的学生可能会发现它们是合并的, or stacked, 用于学术目的,如以技能为基础的教学. Courses may include, but are not limited to, those related to instruments, performance, and band/ensembles.

PSU的教师可能会决定将课程结合起来,以便让学生在一个项目上合作, work on a similar topic or problem, meet with a visiting expert, or other academic purposes. 这些课程可能是同一门课程的不同部分, 同一学科领域的不同层次的课程, 或者课程通过一个共同的主题联系在一起. 如果学生的课程合并,将会在课程大纲中得到通知.

  • For example, 《BG大游官网首页》(IS 1115)可以分为两部分, 本科和研究生水平的课程主题,如气候变化(MT 4440 & MT 5430)可以合并,也可以是关于Play的课程 & 早期儿童学习可能会定期与创造游戏的课程见面.

*关于学生运动员:已确定, via the need-to-know element within FERPA, that the Athletic Events & 合规协调员可以收到所有涉及学生运动员行为的信息.

Directory Information

目录信息是有关学生的信息,可能会被公开 at the discretion of Plymouth State University.  If information is approved for release, it may be shared through verbal, printed, electronic or other form, without prior consent.  学校包括以下目录信息:

  • Student name
  • Awards/honors (e.g. 拉丁文Honors, President 's List, Dean 's List, Honors List)
  • 出席日期和/或学期出席
  • Class standing (e.g. 一年级,大四,考入硕士项目)
  • 授予学位和证书的日期
  • Commencement Program Listings
  • Enrollment status (full-time, part-time)
  • Hometown
  • Participation on athletic teams
  • Physical factors (athletes only)
  • Degree and major field of study (e.g. 学士/学士,本科专业,研究生课程)
  • Names of previous institutions attended
  • 过去和现在参加正式承认的课外活动(e.g. sports, music, drama)
  • PSU mail box number
  • PSU email address (internal use only)
  • Birthdate (internal use only)

The following list includes situations where information in a student’s educational record may be released to a third party without consent of the student.

  • To university officials, including the university’s attorney/s, who have a legitimate educational interest.
  • 到学生寻求或打算注册的机构.
  • 对USNH分支机构遵守受托人政策.
  • To parents of dependent students. (需要适当的IRS表格,通常会通知学生请求.)
  • In response to subpoenas/court orders.
  • 被认为是“目录信息”的信息可由大学自行决定发布.
  • 向违反暴力罪行受害者通报行为结果.
  • 可以向公众发布的信息,在手册的学生行为部分解释.
  • 向父母通报与毒品和酒精有关的违法行为以及对健康和安全的威胁.
  • 已故前学生的记录可在家长的要求下公布或披露, 学生财产的个人代表或其他有资格的代表, or pursuant to a court order to subpoena.
  • 财务主任的授权代表, the Secretary of Education, 教育机构的行政主管, state education authorities, 或司法部长在调查政府资助或附属项目时.
  • 负责配合学生申请的官员, or receipt of, financial aid.
  • Authorized individuals or organizations conducting studies for or on behalf of the university for the purpose of developing, validating, or administering predictive tests; for administering student aid programs; and for improving instruction. These studies must be conducted in such a manner as will not permit the personal identification of students and their parents by persons other than representatives of the university or such organizations. 当这些信息不再用于收集的目的时,这些信息将被销毁. 这些活动的授权将来自适当的大学管理者.
  • 其他与大学直接订立合约,提供经认可货品及服务的机构.
  • 如果家长或学生对学校提起法律诉讼.

If educational records are released in situations where prior consent is not needed and a student may not be aware of the release, 一个合理的尝试将通知学生什么信息被发布和它被发布给谁.

Rights under FERPA

学生对目录信息和学习记录享有以下权利:

教育记录检查和审查权,

教育记录检查和审查权, 不包括学生父母或监护人的经济援助记录, 学生签署放弃访问权的保密推荐信, 或在1月1日前写的推荐信, 1975.

这所大学没有一个学生记录的中央存储库. Inquiries for access to specific educational records should be made to the University office or agency responsible for a particular record. Assistance in determining the location of individual educational records may be obtained in the Office of the University Registrar.

  • 为了获得访问权限,学生可能会被要求提供适当的身份证明.
  • BG大游官网首页会在合理的情况下尽快提供查阅记录的机会,而且不迟于提出要求后45天.
  • 一名指定的大学官员必须和学生一起审查和解释记录的内容.
  • 如果学生不能合理地亲自审阅该记录,他/她可以要求一份特定记录的副本, excluding tapes of hearings, 并可能收取复印件的复制费用. The request for a copy must be in writing and may only be granted if the release of the record will not violate FERPA rights of any other students. 学校有45天的时间来回复这一请求.

Right to seek to amend records.

If a student contests certain information contained in a specific record he or she may seek to have the particular record amended. To do so, 学生必须以书面形式要求修改, 给保存特定记录的办公室. 该请求并不保证修正案会获得批准.

  • 书面请求必须说明学生要求修改的具体数据和要求修改的原因.
  • 收到请求的院系或大学官员可能同意也可能不同意修改所选信息. If the request is denied, the student may follow the procedures developed for that particular department in order to continue to seek amendment of the record. If the request is still denied, 学生可向教务处提出申诉.
  • 学生将收到一份关于记录是否被修改的书面决定.
  • If the record is amended, an explanation of what was amended will be provided to the student and the amendment will be placed in the student’s record.
  • If the record is not amended the student has the right to place a written statement with the record he or she is contesting, 解释什么信息是有争议的,以及他或她为什么会有争议.

向第三方发布记录的权利.

学生可以给大学官员或办公室许可, to release verbally or in writing, educational records to a third party. (一些教育记录的副本可能不会提供给第三方. 这些记录是通过保存这些记录的办公室确定的.)

  • To do so the student must provide, to the appropriate office, 一份要求发布的书面声明或填写一份发布信息表格. 个别办事处可能有此要求的特定表格. The student must sign and date the request.
  • 学生必须指定哪些记录可以公开, 这些记录被公开的原因, and to whom the records may be disclosed.
  • 如果学生希望撤销先前的释放请求, he or she must do so in writing, 发布被执行到最初的办公室.

对教育记录信息的公开有一定控制的权利.

There are general rights students have under FERPA that are entailed in this section such as having the choice to release information to certain third parties, 请求不要公开该目录信息, etc.

有权要求不发布目录信息,除非协议另有要求.

  • To do so, a student must contact the Office of the University Registrar by the tenth day of class in a semester (or between the first and fifth day of class in a summer session).
  • The non-disclosure of directory information is an all or none option (either it all may be disclosed or none of it may be disclosed).
  • 该请求将一直有效,直到学生取消. During this time, 目录信息将被视为受保护的教育记录.
  • Given the fluid nature of electronic information it is not possible to guarantee total non-disclosure but every reasonable effort will be taken to protect confidentiality.

Right to waive access to records.

学生可以签署一份放弃获取有关录取的保密推荐的权利, application for employment, references, 和/或荣誉或荣誉认可的申请.

  • In such cases, the student, upon request, 应将作出此等保密建议的个人姓名通知. 这些建议仅用于其预期的目的.
  • 在这种情况下,学生选择不签署弃权书, 这种行为不能被认为是准许的条件, receipt of financial aid, 或从大学获得的任何其他服务或利益.

Right to file a complaint.

学生有权向美国政府投诉.该大学被指控未能遵守FERPA的要求.

Family Policy Compliance Office
US Department of Education
400 Maryland Avenue, SW
Washington, D.C. 20202-4605

*FERPA年度通知,反映可能的联邦和州数据收集和使用

As of January 3, 2012, the U.S. Department of Education’s FERPA regulations expand the circumstances under which your education records and personally identifiable information (PII) contained in such records — including your Social Security Number, grades, 或其他私人信息-可能会被访问未经您的同意.

First, the U.S. Comptroller General, the U.S. Attorney General, the U.S. Secretary of Education, or state and local education authorities (“Federal and State Authorities”) may allow access to your records and PII without your consent to any third party designated by a Federal or State Authority to evaluate a federal‐ or state‐supported education program. 评估可能与“主要从事教育提供”的任何项目有关,,比如幼儿教育和职业培训, 以及任何由教育机构或机构管理的项目.

Second, Federal and State Authorities may allow access to your education records and PII without your consent to researchers performing certain types of studies, 在某些情况下,即使BG大游官网首页反对或不要求这样的研究. Federal and State Authorities must obtain certain use‐restriction and data security promises from the entities that they authorize to receive your PII, 但当局不必对这些实体保持直接控制.

In addition, 与全州纵向数据系统相联系, State Authorities may collect, compile, permanently retain, 并在未经您同意的情况下分享您的教育记录, and they may track your participation in education and other programs by linking such PII to other personal information about you that they obtain from other Federal or State data sources, including workforce development, unemployment insurance, child welfare, juvenile justice, military service, and student records systems.